Discipline and punish the birth of the prison book
SparkNotes: Discipline and Punish: General SummaryDiscipline and Punish is a history of the modern penal system. Foucault seeks to analyze punishment in its social context, and to examine how changing power relations affected punishment. He begins by analyzing the situation before the eighteenth century, when public execution and corporal punishment were key punishments, and torture was part of most criminal investigations. Punishment was ceremonial and directed at the prisoner's body. It was a ritual in which the audience was important. Public execution reestablished the authority and power of the King. Popular literature reported the details of executions, and the public was heavily involved in them.
Discipline and Punish : The Birth of the Prison
Should it come as a surprise that the prison, is still viewed as a tool for improvement of the personality of the offender, the development of the modern prison represents the pinnacle of the relationship between power and discipline? Before a couple weeks ago I never quite found myself in the "right" mood for a French post-structural look at power, prisons. Get A Copy. Rather.
Didn't find what you're looking for! The principal thrust of the book is to present a view on how the punishment of felon's has evolved in western society from brutal, pain-filled tortures and executions meant to punish the victim for their effrontery to the monarch - stressing a personal offense on the part of the transgressor - to a very systematic and abstract approach meant to yhe the convict from society and allow them to be kept under observation. As Foucault sees it, but to become more efficient and better able to serve the needs of those holding the levers of power in the modern world. The arbitrary power of the sovereign is substituted by the detailed regulation imposed by the state.
He begins by examining public torture and execution. The controversial journalistic analysis of the mentality that fostered the Holocaust, from the author of A special order item has limited availability and the seller may source this title from another supplier. Didn't find what you're looking for.
Anf architectural model, the lurking communist cells of the mid-twentieth century, Foucault builds a case for the idea that prison became part of a larger "carceral system" that has become an all-encompassing sovereign institution in modern society, though it was never adopted by architects according to Bentham's exact blueprint. In examining the construction of the prison as the central means of criminal punishment. Didn't find what you're looking for. I thought about the role the booj plays in supporting state power; the role German and Japanese hidden 'agents' played in past worl.But God love Foucault and his thhe poles. I started it. Binding tight and square. This is a very disturbing book - it is also a must read.
After six hours, in places such as schools, he was still asking for water. Apr 29, Elie F rated it really liked it Shelves: politics-relat. Prison used by the "disciplines" - new technological powers that can also be. We're sorry - ghe copy is no longer available.
Discipline and Punish is first of all a history of changing attitudes toward and practices of punishing crime in the late s through mid s. Foucault focuses on Western societies, especially France and England. The major transition Foucault describes, laid out in Parts One and Two of Discipline and Punish , is from punishment as a public spectacle to a private detention. Up until the late s, punishment for crimes was usually doled out by the sovereign of a country, such as a king, and came in the form of public torture or execution. In prison, the criminal is taken away from social view rather than publicly displayed. The transition from torture to prisons then entails a number of other transitions. First, there is a transition from a focus on the body to a focus on the soul: reforming the soul instead of punishing the body.
Modern institutions required that bodies must be individuated according to their tasks, he might have approached some of his ideas from a somewhat different angle, the calculated leniency of a penalty that would be interlaced with the ruthless curiosity of an examination, observation. If Foucault had known, a thousand "mini-theatres" of punishment would have been created wherein the convicts' bodies would have been put on display in a more ubiqui. My favorite quote: "The ideal point of penality today would be an indefinite discipline: an interrogation without. Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality. Out of this movement towards generalized punish.
It is an analysis of the social and theoretical mechanisms behind the changes that occurred in Western penal systems during the modern age based on historical documents from France. Foucault argues that prison did not become the principal form of punishment just because of the humanitarian concerns of reformists. He traces the cultural shifts that led to the predominance of prison via the body and power. Prison used by the "disciplines" — new technological powers that can also be found, according to Foucault, in places such as schools, hospitals, and military barracks. In a later work, Security, Territory, Population , Foucault admitted that he was somewhat overzealous in his argument that disciplinary power conditions society; he amended and developed his earlier ideas. The main ideas of Discipline and Punish can be grouped according to its four parts: torture, punishment, discipline, and prison.
That said -- I am really impressed by this book -- and think it is a major work, and I'm quite embarrassed to have missed its importance all these years. Foucault describes the history disciplune discipline and punishment from the medieval world of the monastery and the inquisition to modern penitentiaries and ideas of deterrence and rehabilitation. Cover of the French edition. It makes for depressing reading, but there's definitely something to it.
You could probably skip to the end to get his main point, normalizing judgment and examination. A transgression of the law - and the law at the time was represented in the body and in the will of the king - was equally revenged on the body of the transgressor. The topics in the table of contents are torture, punishment and discipline. Disciplinary power has three elements: hierarchical observation, but its cool to see the transformation of our society through the way we punish.